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Start / Projects / Combat Vehicle System

Combat Vehicle System

Sweden's combat vehicle system originated with the German battle tank Leopard 2. When ordered by German Krauss-Maffei Wegmann in 1994, it was the largest procurement that FMV had ever made with a foreign supplier.

In addition to the actual combat vehicles, many other components of the system are included, for example, ammunition, technical documentation, spare parts, special tools, test equipment, training and simulators. FMV (the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration) is responsible for the overall function of the system.

The Main Battle Tank of Sweden's current system is Combat Vehicle 122, which replaced the former Combat Vehicle 121. The system also includes a number of combat vehicles with specialised battlefield capabilities: Armoured Recovery Vehicle(ARV), 120 Engineer Combat Vehicle 120, and Armored Vehicle Launched Bridge (AVLB) 120.

Combat Vehicle 122 /Main Battle Tank

Bild på två Stridsvagn 122

(Photo: Swedish Armed Forces)

Combat vehicle 122 has a crew of four people: a driver in the chassis, a tank commander, a gunner and a loader in the turret.

The vehicle is armed with a 120 mm cannon, two 7.62 millimeters machine guns and eight smoke grenades. The gun uses armour-piercing projectiles and explosive shells that can engage targets up to 4000 metres. The gun is stabilised and has a high level of precision even when firing in uneven terrain. In terms of ballistic protection the combat vehicle is fitted with both external and internal armour modules. The combat space is fitted with fibreglass panels that protect the crew from shrapnel. The combat vehicle is also equipped with a CBRN system that protects against chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear threats.

Specialised Battlefield Vehicles

Although Combat Vehicle 122 is the Main Battle Tank of the Swedish tank system, it is not the only armored combat vehicle. FMV has also procured an ARV, an Engineer Combat Vehicle, and an AVLB. The design of these variants is based on the Leopard 2 chassis, but they have been modified to meet the Swedish Armed Forces' need for specialised battlefield vehicles.


Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV) 120. The combat vehicle 120 has a winching capacity of 100 tons and can, if necessary, carry heavy combat vehicles. It is also equipped with a crane capable of lifting, for example, the cannon turret of a combat vehicle.



Engineer Combat Vehicle 120 is a multifunctional vehicle that can be used for the clearance of mines, excavating and building and for removing obstacles. 



AVLB 120
is used for rapid construction of temporary attack bridges to improve accessibility for other vehicles in the unit. There are two 14 metre bridges and a 26 metre bridge that can be built very quickly - often in just a few minutes.



  •  1994: FMV (the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration) signed a contract with Krauss-Maffei Wegmann, KMW. 29 vehicles are assembled in Germany. 91 combat vehicles are constructed under license in Sweden.
  • 1995: FMV delivers the first of a total of 160 Combat 121 vehicles to the Swedish Armed Forces.
  • 1997: FMV delivers the first of a total of 120 Combat 122 vehicles to the Swedish Armed Forces.
  • 2002: FMV delivers the first of a total of 14 ARV 120 units to the Swedish Armed Forces.
  • 2003: FMV delivers the last Combat Vehicle 122 to the Swedish Armed Forces.
  • In 2011, FMV will deliver the first of six Engineer Combat 120 vehicles to the Swedish Armed Forces.
  • In 2014, FMV will place an order of three AVLB 120 vehicles.
  • 2016: The order for AVLB 120 vehicles is supplemented with the option to acquire an additional three vehicles.
  • 2016: FMV places an order for refurbishment measures for 88 Combat 122 vehicles and eight ARV 120 units. Delivery to the Swedish Armed Forces is scheduled to take place during 2018-2023.
  • In 2017, the first three AVLB 120 vehicles will be delivered to the Swedish Armed Forces. FMV will deliver the remaining three vehicles during 2018-2019.

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Published: 2017-09-06 15:38. Changed: 2017-09-06 15:39. Responsible: Show e-mail address.



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Facts on Combat Vehicle 122

  • Operating Crew: 4 
  • Length (incl. cannon tube): 9.94 m
  • Width: 3.80 m
  • Height: 2.99 m
  • Combat weight: 62.5 tons
  • Wading /Water Capability: 1.4 m
  • Vertical Obstacle: 1.1 m
  • Trench Crossing: 3.1 m
  • Max Road Speed: 70 km / h
  • Armament and ammunition: 120 mm smooth bore L / 44 cannon, two 7.62 mm MG (one anti-aircraft, one general purpose) eight smoke grenades.
  • Command/Control System: Data communication between vehicles with graphical map for orders, targeting, etc.